Razumkov Centre: Study of Gender Specifics of Forced Migration From Ukraine to the EU in the Military Conflict

2024-02-08 | Expert publications, Reconstruction

The study of gender specifics of forced migration from Ukraine to the EU in the military conflict was made within the Ukraine Civil Society Sectoral Support Activity, implemented by ICAP Ednannia in consortium with the Ukrainian Centre for Independent Political Research (UCIPR) and the Centre for Democracy and Rule of Law (CEDEM) with the support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The purpose of the project is to improve the operating environment for civil society and strengthen the institutional capacities of civil society organisations in order to advance the self-reliance of the civic sector in Ukraine.

The context of the proposed research is that at present, the causes of forced migration are increasingly associated with international and internal armed conflicts that cause massive and often unorganised departure of people. There is a rapid increase in the number of displaced persons, both internal and cross-border, triggered by russian large-scale aggression and the spread of hostilities across Ukraine’s vast territories. Moreover, the fast intensification of Ukraine population’s international mobility is taking place amidst globalisation and the growing intensity of global migration, which raises the urgent problem of regulating migration processes, making them organised, safe and non-conflictual.

The analysis of current migration trends in Ukraine, in the context of its participation in the European and global migration, is one of the important factors in shaping national policy. This problem is linked, both directly and indirectly, with the national security of Ukraine.

The main purpose of the study is to identify the problems, ways, formats, means of integration and prospects for the return of Ukrainian forced migrants based on the analysis of specifics of the new migration wave, which has a pronounced gender bias, and thereupon to assess the potential of Ukraine’s post-war recovery.

The study’s objectives include analysing the migration-related risks for the country’s economic recovery; assessing targeted measures to encourage the return of forced migrants; and outlining the priority steps of economic and financial mechanisms aimed at restoring the country. It also provides for an assessment of migration consequences for migrants themselves, for receiving countries and for Ukraine, and identifies vulnerabilities and constraints, in particular:

a) studying the «social dividends» of migration — as an added value of the migration experience — social, ethical, cultural and aesthetic, educational, civic capital, etc., and their impact on life practices, both in the host and home country after return;

b) studying the extent to which migrants’ individual socio-cultural «assets», namely new life values, behavioural norms and stereotypes, attitudes, relationships and standards, acquired through the European experience, can be applied after their return home;

c) studying the gender mentality and transformation of gender identity after immersion in the social space of societies with a more democratic gender culture;

d) studying the processes of accumulation of «gender equality dividends» as a mechanism of identity transformation based on the development of a more democratic «gender code»;

e) developing a set of appropriate measures to optimise the Ukrainian government’s actions to improve its migration policy with respect to the existing trends of gender-based forced migration; proposing possible joint actions of the EU countries and Ukraine in view of the need for Ukraine’s post-war recovery

The full study is available here.